Publications

2018
Reuven Y Hazan ו Chen Friedberg. 2018. “Political Parties and Parliamentary Politics.” בתוך Understanding Israel: Political, Societal and Security Challenges, נערך ע"י Joel Peters ו Robert Pinfolds, Pp. 62-80. London: Routledge.
Gideon Rahat. 2018. “Political Reform in Israel.” בתוך The Oxford Handbook of Israeli Politics and Society, נערך ע"י Reuven Y. Hazan, Alan Dowty, Menachem Hofnung, ו Gideon Rahat. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Netta Barak-Corren, Yuval Feldman, ו Noam Gidron. 2018. “The Provocative Effect of Law: Majority Nationalismand Minority Discrimination.” Journal of Empirical Legal Studies, 15, 4, Pp. 951-986. Abstract

 

Western societies have experienced ethnic and religious diversification in recent decades. These demographic changes have been met by efforts to defend the local dominant culture using majority nationalism laws, intended to protect the cultural heritage of the majority. We empirically examine majority nationalism laws’ expressive effects on patterns of minority discrimination using the Israeli draft Nation Law (NL) as a case study. Drawing on two experimental surveys of a representative sample of the majority population of Israel (N = 602), our results lend weak support to the hypothesis that majority nationalism laws increase bias against minorities, and modest support to the hypothesis that such laws generate unintended spillover effects across different minority groups and from the public to the private sphere. Our main finding is that majority nationalism laws provoke a backlash reaction from those who oppose them. We define this as the provocative effect of law and discuss its relation to the expressive law theory. The results suggest that the effects of majority nationalism laws may vary systematically across ideological groups and spheres of discrimination.

 

Gizem Arikan ו Pazit Ben-Nun Bloom. 2018. “Religion and Political Protest: A Cross-Country Analysis.” Comparative Political Studies. Abstract
Religion’s effect on individual tendency to engage in political protest is influenced both by the resources available to citizens at the individual level and opportunities provided to religious groups and organizations at the country level. Combining data from last two waves of the World Values Surveys with aggregate data on religious regulation, we show that private religious beliefs reduce an individual’s protest potential while involvement in religious social networks fosters it. At the country level, we find that government regulation of religion decreases individual tendency to protest, and has an especially detrimental effect on the likelihood of religious minorities joining peaceful protest activities. These findings are in line with opportunity structure theories that stress the importance of system openness for fostering political protest.
Moshe Maor. 2018. “ Rhetoric and doctrines of policy over- and underreactions in times of crisis .” Policy & Politics, 46, 1, Pp. 47-63. Abstract
This article distinguishes between disproportionate policy response by error (bounded rationality) and disproportionate response by choice, and advances a further distinction of such choices between two disproportionate policy options, namely, rhetoric and doctrine. Probing the 'plausibility' of these terms, the article presents pertinent illustrations drawn from the military, financial and environmental domains in the US, Britain, Israel, Australia, Singapore and the European Union. These illustrations show that, during pre-crisis and in-crisis periods, both options can be purposefully designed to signal policymakers' preference and/or to deliver the disproportionate responses in pursuit of policy goals.
Oren Barak. 2018. “Security Networks, Deep States, and the Democratic Deficit in the Middle East.” Middle East Journal, 72, 3, Pp. 447-467. Abstract

 

This article argues that part of the reason why some Middle Eastern states remain democratically challenged is the emergence, operation, and political influence of "security networks" and "deep states"—informal actors in the area of national security. The article explains what these actors are, situates them in a broad theoretical and comparative perspective, assesses their impact on democratic development, and provides examples from Turkey, Lebanon, Israel, and Egypt.

 

Benjamin Schvarcz. 2018. “Slavery and Liberty: Talmud and Political Theory in Dialogue.” Harvard Theological Review, 111, Pp. 147-173. Abstract

 

While focusing on the concept of liberty, this article produces a dialogue between the Talmud and western political theory, and thus expands the canon of political thought. Equipped with three concepts of liberty—negative, positive, and republican—this article offers an original reading to Babylonian Talmud Giṭ 12a–13a. The talmudic passage's pivotal question—whether liberty is necessarily beneficial to a slave—enables us to reconstruct its fundamental, albeit implicit, understandings of both slavery and liberty. The talmudic approach to slavery and liberty emerges as concrete, and hence yields a thick and multi-faceted notion of liberty. Considering that a person might prefer the benefits of slavery reveals a paradox in Isaiah Berlin's negative concept of liberty. Therefore, as this article concludes, his conceptual distinction between two concepts of liberty is unsustainable and needs to be replaced by a concrete and thick notion of liberty.

 

Nicole Hochner. 2018. “On social rhythm: A renewed assessment of Van Gennep’s Rites of Passage.” Journal of Classical Sociology. Abstract

Contrary to most readers who have emphasized the notions of passage or liminality, I demonstrate in this study that Van Gennep’s Rites de passage is articulated around the four notions of sequences, margins, passages, and schema. Subsequently, the main claim of this article is to propose the idea of social kinesis—or social rhythm—as the crux of Van Gennep’s theory. Such a fresh reappraisal of Van Gennep is also an opportunity to show how Pierre Bourdieu sought for social laws and regularities in a rather deterministic fashion, and completely overlooked Van Gennep’s idea of motion. More importantly, this article is an invitation to reconsider Van Gennep’s epistemological approach as a bridge between the social and the life sciences. Indeed, Van Gennep’s so-called méthode des séquences emerges from a dialogue between the social sciences and biology on the one hand, and with cosmology on the other. Indeed, I illuminate how Van Gennep investigated the enigmas of social life and dynamics within the framework of his understanding of metabolism and regenerative processes.

אבנר ברנע. 2018. את זאת לא צפינו. רסלינג.
2017
William Cross, Anika Gauja, ו Scott Pruysers. 2017. “Candidate Selection Rules and Democratic Outcomes: The Impact of Parties on Women’s Representation.” בתוך Organizing Representation: Political Parties, Participation, and Power, נערך ע"י Gideon Rahat, Susan Scarrow, Paul D. Webb, ו Thomas Poguntke, Pp. 208-233. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Wouter van Atteveldt, Tamir Sheafer, Shaul R. Shenhav, ו Yair Fogel-Dror. 2017. “ Clause Analysis: Using Syntactic Information to Automatically Extract Source, Subject, and Predicate from Texts with an Application to the 2008–2009 Gaza War .” Political Analysis, 25, 2, Pp. 207-222. Abstract

This article presents a new method and open source R package that uses syntactic information to automatically extract source–subject–predicate clauses. This improves on frequency-based text analysis methods by dividing text into predicates with an identified subject and optional source, extracting the statements and actions of (political) actors as mentioned in the text. The content of these predicates can be analyzed using existing frequency-based methods, allowing for the analysis of actions, issue positions and framing by different actors within a single text. We show that a small set of syntactic patterns can extract clauses and identify quotes with good accuracy, significantly outperforming a baseline system based on word order. Taking the 2008–2009 Gaza war as an example, we further show how corpus comparison and semantic network analysis applied to the results of the clause analysis can show differences in citation and framing patterns between U.S. and English-language Chinese coverage of this war.

Saar Alon-Barkat ו Sharon Gilad. 2017. “Compensating for Poor Performance with Promotional Symbols: Evidence from a Survey Experiment.” Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 27, 4, Pp. 661–675. Abstract

Extant literature regarding citizens’ responses to government public communications focuses on the roles of transparency and provision of information. Conversely, the effect of strategically designed symbols, which are integral to most public communications, received limited attention. Building on social psychology and marketing research, we theorize that familiar promotional symbols enhance citizens’ positive attitudes toward government through “evaluative conditioning,” yet this effect is conditioned by citizens’ experiences of actual government performance. We test these expectations via a survey experiment, which examines participants’ responses to a familiar promotional symbol of an Israeli state-owned electricity monopoly, given near-random variation in their experiences of prolonged power outages. We find that exposure to the well-known symbol enhances participants’ favorable attitudes toward the organization, and that this effect extends to those who recently experienced poor electricity services. The effect is significant in relation to participants’ trust in the organization, but not regarding their satisfaction and performance evaluation. These findings indicate that familiar promotional symbols can shape citizens’ attitudes, and compensate for the effect of poor performance, with regard to sufficiently ambiguous organizational aspects. We discuss the implications of these findings for current research on the effectiveness of transparency and performance information.

Benjamin Schvarcz. 2017. “Democracy and Judaism in Leon Roth’s Action and Thought {Hebrew].” Judaism, Sovereignty and Human Rights, 3, Pp. 136-166.
Moshe Maor. 2017. “Disproportionate Policy Response.” בתוך The Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics.
Pazit Ben-Nun Bloom, Sharon Gilad, ו Michael Freedman. 2017. “ Does exposure to other cultures affect the impact of economic globalization on gender equality? .” International Political Science Review, 38, 3, Pp. 378-395. Abstract

An extensive literature shows that economic globalization has a positive effect on gender equality. However, the effect varies greatly across countries and time. This article argues that social globalization – individuals’ exposure to external ideas, people, and information flows – and the changes in values associated with it – is a key boundary condition for the effect of economic globalization on women’s rights. While economic globalization opens up new opportunities for women, policy adaptation to these changes requires a social demand for efforts for change. Social globalization contributes to policy adaptation by exposing the public to alternative gender-role models, setting off a shift in values, which underlies support for gender equality. Results emerging from a time-series-cross-sectional analysis of 152 nations for the period 1990–2003 confirm that the positive effect of economic globalization on gender equality wanes at lower levels of social globalization. Further, multilevel-path-analyses models demonstrate how changes to individual-level values mediate the effect of globalization on individuals’ support for gender equality.

2017. The Elections in Israel 2015. Jerusalem: Israel Democracy Institute.
2017. The Elections in Israel 2015. New York: Transaction Books.
Reuven Y. Hazan, Reut Itzkovitch-Malka, ו Gideon Rahat. 2017. “Electoral Systems in Context: Israel.” בתוך The Oxford Handbook of Electoral Systems, נערך ע"י Erik Herron, Robert Pekkanen, ו Matthew S. Shugart, Pp. 581-600. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Jale Tosun, Andrew Jordan, ו Moshe Maor. 2017. “ Governing climate change: the (dis)proportionality of policy responses .” Journal of Environmental Policy & Planning , 19, 6, Pp. 596-598.
  • books